They are often engaged in crimes against foreigners as well as minority groups like the Roma or sexual minorities. In Jamaica, criminal gangs have strong ties. Confronting Gangs: Crime and Community. Los Angeles: nyssachamber.com Scholar. Decker, Scott H. (). Collective an Normative Features of Gang Violence. Spielbeschreibung. Gangs of Crime. Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika - es ist die Zeit der Prohibition. Die Gesellschaft ist korrupt, mächtige Mafiakartelle haben.
Eines der außergewöhnlichsten Strategie-Spiele erwartet Dich: Gangs of Crime 1930Gangs of Crime – das ist der Pate der Strategie-Spiele. Hier wirst Du zum BigBoss Deines Districts und verschaffst Dir mit zwielichtigen Geschäften. MÁS INFORMACIÓN. Descripción. Gangs of Crime Fanseite für Spieler. Immer auf den Laufenden bleiben. Schaut rein: nyssachamber.comfcrimede. Keywords desistance, gangs, qualitative methods, crime, protective factors Youth gang affiliation, violence, and criminal activities: A review of.
Gangs Of Crime Navigation menu VideoGangs of Detroit- Crime Documentary 2017 Crime gangs threaten Covid vaccine campaigns, Interpol warns. On December 4, am In Health, News by Emmanuel Okogba. Kindly Share This Story. Gang, also called street gang or youth gang, a group of persons, usually youths, who share a common identity and who generally engage in criminal behaviour. In contrast to the criminal behaviour of other youths, the activities of gangs are characterized by some level of organization and continuity over time. More than a dozen members of the Untouchable Gorilla Stone Nation gang were indicted on a range of serious raps — including for the slaying of a teen boy, federal authorities announced Tuesday. The s gang has been charged as a criminal organization that was involved in narcotics distribution, arson, obstruction of justice, and acts of violence including murder, assault, and kidnapping. When word ‘Gang’ was derived, it just meant a group of people but now it has taken a complete negative meaning. Today it means a group of people who only commit criminal acts and these gang groups want people to take their name with a terrifying fear. Now, the term gang can only be associated with notorious things. The background issues around gang crime are a product of Boxen Freising, he believes. Published 7 June More on this story. Mit diesem Schicksal darfst du dich nicht abfinden. This has led to an escalation in specific gang-on-gang violence. The August riots and looting in English cities were initially blamed by the media on local gang members contacting one another via mobile devices and effectively organising the riots. October 14, Many yakuza groups are umbrella organizations, smaller gangs Pou Spiele Herunterladen to a larger crime syndicate. Poker Face App you should go tell the dudes in the photo they shouldnt be in there, see how far that gets you lol. Israeli mafia. Secret societies in Singapore. Henri Laaksonen It's finally here! Poker Strip number of slaves today remains as high as 12 million  to 27 million. Main article: Money laundering. What race is your pet cat, fish, reptile? Aryan Brotherhood. MIT Press.
Los Zetas. Aryan Brotherhood. Latin Kings. Mara Salvatrucha. The black guys are in the back. Just a heads up. Some idiots are too blind to see these days.
Haha i like that. Watch out for the PC patrol… lol. Good job!!! F u jito! Aryan clan,1 2 cray. Are they capture all the bands.
Wher is D company? Bloods more dangerous than Crips? If they are that bad get the national guard. I fully agree with you! What a terrible idea.
Interesting point. Stfu poser emo faggot. For the MS 13 picture, those are 18th street gang members…. Where the hell is the Mexican Mafia on this list?
That should be 1 on the list! MS13 are foot soldiers for that shit hole, Sinaloa on the other hand should be on top.
Latinos are the most dangerous gansta so far! Latinos are the most dangerous gangsta so far! The pic thats meant to be yakuza is a pic of young triads just have to look at the art work on then and you would see that And the number one gang in the world is The Mungiki with well over members.
Why be dan ge rous, be saFE…. MSG gang, hahaha. Why because they have memebers in the music business? Lol weak ass gang has like members. Interesting comment and likely on target!
There is no consensus on the exact definition of a gang, however, and scholars have debated whether the definition should expressly include involvement in crime.
Some gangs, but not all, have strong leadership, formalized rules, and extensive use of common identifying symbols. Many gangs associate themselves with a particular geographic area or type of crime, and some use graffiti as a form of nonverbal communication.
Gang behaviour may be more universal and ancient than is commonly thought. Semiformalized groups of young adults have existed throughout recorded history, and gangs in some ancient societies engaged in very much the same kind of activities as those associated with gangs today.
The speeches of the Roman orator Marcus Tullius Cicero , for example, contain references to armed bands of young men, led by Publius Clodius and Titus Annius Milo , who engaged in fights and disrupted Roman politics for years.
Violent street gangs—which generated the same kind of concern as their modern-day successors—also can be identified in the 17th and 18th centuries; the Mohocks of Georgian England were feared in their time much as the Crips and Bloods of Los Angeles were in the s.
This pattern of alliance between criminal and political structures would characterize the history of American gangs well into the 20th century.
In the classic model of the political machine, street gangs served to intimidate opponents, mobilize the vote, and recruit future leaders for both politics and the criminal underworld.
From the 19th century onward, gangs in the United States were most active in urban centres, such as Philadelphia , which had over street gangs in , and Chicago , which had in excess of 1, gangs in the s.
Often, gangs operated to defend and assert the interests of ethnic groups new to the local society or region; thus, the most visible and violent gangs in each period had their roots in the latest wave of immigration.
For example, Irish gangs were prevalent in the United States in the midth century, followed by Jewish gangs in the early 20th century, and Asian and Latino gangs in the late 20th and early 21st century.
It is made up of members of five different triads. Sam Gor previously produced meth in Southern China and is now believed to manufacture mainly in the Golden Triangle , specifically Shan State , Myanmar , responsible for much of the massive surge of crystal meth in recent years.
In , Tse immigrated to Canada. In , Tse was convicted of transporting heroin into the United States and served nine years behind bars.
The U. Heroin comes in two forms. The first is its chemical base form which presents itself as brown and the second is a salt form that is white.
There is some suspicion white Heroin is also being produced in Iran and Pakistan, but it is not confirmed. This area of Heroin production is referred to as the Golden Crescent.
Heroin is not the only drug being used in these areas. The European market has shown signs of growing use in opioids on top of the long-term heroin use.
Human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation is a major cause of contemporary sexual slavery and is primarily for prostituting women and children into sex industries.
See Snakehead gang , Coyotaje. People smuggling is defined as "the facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person or persons across an international border, in violation of one or more countries laws, either clandestinely or through deception, such as the use of fraudulent documents".
The number of slaves today remains as high as 12 million  to 27 million. Today, crime is sometimes thought of as an urban phenomenon, but for most of human history it was the rural interfaces that encountered the majority of crimes bearing in mind the fact that for most of human history, rural areas were the vast majority of inhabited places.
For the most part, within a village, members kept crime at very low rates; however, outsiders such as pirates , highwaymen , and bandits attacked trade routes and roads, at times severely disrupting commerce, raising costs, insurance rates and prices to the consumer.
According to criminologist Paul Lunde, " Piracy and banditry were to the pre-industrial world what organized crime is to modern society.
If we take a global rather than a strictly domestic view, it becomes evident that even crime of the organized kind has a long if not a necessarily noble heritage.
The word 'thug' dates back to early 13th-century India , when Thugs , or gangs of criminals, roamed from town to town, looting and pillaging.
Smuggling and drug-trafficking rings are as old as the hills in Asia and Africa , and extant criminal organizations in Italy and Japan trace their histories back several centuries As Lunde states, " Barbarian conquerors, whether Vandals , Goths , the Norse , Turks or Mongols are not normally thought of as organized crime groups, yet they share many features associated with thriving criminal organizations.
They were for the most part non-ideological, predominantly ethnically based, used violence and intimidation, and adhered to their own codes of law.
Terrorism is linked to organized crime, but has political aims rather than solely financial ones, so there is overlap but separation between terrorism and organized crime.
Fences were part of the extensive network of accomplices in the criminal underground of Ming and Qing China. Their occupation entailed criminal activity, but as fences often acted as liaisons between the more respectable community to the underground criminals, they were seen as living a "precarious existence on the fringes of respectable society".
A fence worked alongside bandits , but in a different line of work. The network of criminal accomplices that was often acquired was essential to ensuring both the safety and the success of fences.
The path into the occupation of a fence stemmed, in a large degree, from necessity. As most fences came from the ranks of poorer people, they often took whatever work they could — both legal and illegal.
Like most bandits operated within their own community, fences also worked within their own town or village. For example, in some satellite areas of the capital, military troops lived within or close to the commoner population and they had the opportunity to hold illegal trades with commoners.
In areas like Baoding and Hejian , local peasants and community members not only purchased military livestock such as horses and cattle, but also helped to hide the "stolen livestock from military allured by the profits".
Local peasants and community members became fences and they hid criminal activities from officials in exchange of products or money from these soldiers.
Most fences were not individuals who only bought and sold stolen goods to make a living. The majority of fences had other occupations within the "polite" society and held a variety of official occupations.
These occupations included laborers, coolies, and peddlers. At times, the robbers themselves filled the role of fences, selling to people they met on the road.
This may actually have been preferable for robbers in certain circumstances, because they would not have to pay the fence a portion of the spoils.
Butchers were also prime receivers for stolen animals because of the simple fact that owners could no longer recognize their livestock once butchers slaughtered them.
Although the vast majority of the time, fences worked with physical stolen property, fences who also worked as itinerant barbers also sold information as a good.
Itinerant barbers often amassed important sources of information and news as they traveled, and sold significant pieces of information, often to criminals in search of places to hide or individuals to rob.
He or she not only sold items such as jewelry and clothing but was also involved in trafficking hostages that banditires kidnapped.
Women and children were the easiest and among the most common "objects" the fences sold. Most of the female hostages were sold to fences and then sold as prostitutes , wives, or concubines.
One example of human trafficking can be seen from Chen Akuei's gang who abducted a servant girl and sold her to Lin Baimao, who in turn sold her to a thirty parts of silver as wives.
Children were often sold as servants or entertainers, while young girls were often sold as prostitutes. Like merchants of honest goods, one of the most significant tools of a fence was their network of connections.
As they were the middlemen between robbers and clients, fences needed to form and maintain connections in both the "polite" society, as well as among criminals.
However, there were a few exceptions in which members of the so-called "well-respected" society became receivers and harborers.
They not only help bandits to sell the stolen goods but also acted as agents of bandits to collect protection money from local merchants and residents.
These "part-time" fences with high social status used their connection with bandits to help themselves gain social capital as well as wealth.
It was extremely important to their occupation that fences maintained a positive relationship with their customers, especially their richer gentry clients.
When some members of the local elites joined the ranks of fences, they not only protect bandits to protect their business interests, they actively took down any potential threats to their illegal profiting, even government officials.
In the Zhejiang Province , the local elites not only got the provincial commissioner, Zhu Wan, dismissed from his office but also eventually "[drove] him to suicide".
It was also essential for them to maintain a relationship with bandits. However, it was just as true that bandits needed fences to make a living.
As a result, fences often held dominance in their relationship with bandits, and fences could take exploit their position, cheating the bandits by manipulating the prices they paid bandits for the stolen property.
Aside from simply buying and selling stolen goods, fences often played additional roles in the criminal underground of early China.
Because of the high floating population in public places such as inns and tea houses, they often became ideal places for bandies and gangs to gather to exchange information and plan for their next crime.
Harborers, people who provided safe houses for criminals, often played the role of receiving stolen goods from their harbored criminals to sell to other customers.
Brothels themselves helped these bandits to hide and sell stolen goods because of the special Ming Law that exempted brothels from being held responsible "for the criminal actions of their clients.
Pawnshops were also often affiliated with fencing stolen goods. The owners or employees of such shops often paid cash for stolen goods at a price a great deal below market value to bandits, who were often desperate for money, and resold the goods to earn a profit.
In coastal regions, illegal trading with foreigners, as well as smuggling, became a huge concern for the government during the middle to late Ming era.
In order to prohibit this crime, the government passed a law in which illegal smugglers who traded with foreigners without the consent of the government would be punished with exile to the border for military service.
In areas where military troops were stationed, stealing and selling military property would result in a more severe punishment. In the Jiaqing time, a case was recorded of stealing and selling military horses.
The emperor himself gave direction that the thieves who stole the horses and the people who helped to sell the horses would be put on cangue and sent to labor in a border military camp.
In the salt mines, the penalty for workers who stole salt and people who sold the stolen salt was the most severe. Anyone who was arrested and found guilty of stealing and selling government salt was put to death.
During the Victorian era , criminals and gangs started to form organizations which would be collectively become London's criminal underworld.
Robb and Erin H. Structures are formal and rational with allocated tasks, limits on entrance, and influence the rules established for organizational maintenance and sustainability.
Albini saw organized criminal behavior as consisting of networks of patrons and clients, rather than rational hierarchies or secret societies. The networks are characterized by a loose system of power relations.
Each participant is interested in furthering his own welfare. Criminal entrepreneurs are the patrons and they exchange information with their clients in order to obtain their support.
Clients include members of gangs, local and national politicians, government officials and people engaged in legitimate business. People in the network may not directly be part of the core criminal organization.
Kinship is seen as the basis of organized crime rather than the structures Cressey had identified; this includes fictive godparental and affinitive ties as well as those based on blood relations, and it is the impersonal actions, not the status or affiliations of their members, that define the group.
Rules of conduct and behavioral aspects of power and networks and roles include the following:. Strong family ties are derived from the traditions of southern Italy, where family rather than the church or state is the basis of social order and morality.
One of the most important trends to emerge in criminological thinking about OC in recent years is the suggestion that it is not, in a formal sense, "organized" at all.
Evidence includes lack of centralized control, absence of formal lines of communication, fragmented organizational structure.
It is distinctively disorganized. For example, Seattle's crime network in the s and 80s consisted of groups of businessmen, politicians and of law enforcement officers.
They all had links to a national network via Meyer Lansky , who was powerful, but there was no evidence that Lansky or anyone else exercised centralized control over them.
While some crime involved well-known criminal hierarchies in the city, criminal activity was not subject to central management by these hierarchies nor by other controlling groups, nor were activities limited to a finite number of objectives.
The networks of criminals involved with the crimes did not exhibit organizational cohesion. Too much emphasis had been placed on the Mafia as controlling OC.
The Mafia were certainly powerful but they "were part of a heterogeneous underworld, a network characterized by complex webs of relationships.
Further studies showed neither bureaucracy nor kinship groups are the primary structure of organized crime, rather they were in partnerships or a series of joint business ventures.
All observed networks and a degree of persistence, and there may be utility in focusing on the identification of organizing roles of people and events rather than the group's structure.
International consensus on defining organized crime has become important since the s due its increased prevalence and impact. OC is " It is frequently accomplished through ruthless disregard of any law, including offenses against the person and frequently in connection with political corruption.
Many yakuza groups are umbrella organizations, smaller gangs reporting to a larger crime syndicate. The term half-grey in Japanese refers to groups that commit crimes, yet are not considered to fit the description of criminal organisations referring to yakuza clans in this context.
The Triads is a popular name for a number of Chinese criminal secret societies, which have existed in various forms over the centuries see for example Tiandihui.
However, not all Chinese gangs fall into line with these traditional groups, as many non-traditional criminal organizations have formed, both in China and the Chinese diaspora.
As society enters the Information Age , certain individuals take advantage of easy flow of information over the Internet to commit online fraud or similar activities.
Often the hackers will form a network to better facilitate their activities. On occasion the hackers will be a part of a criminal gang involved in more 'blue collar crime', but this is unusual.
Smuggling is a behavior that has occurred ever since there were laws or a moral code that forbade access to a specific person or object.
At the core of any smuggling organization is the economic relationship between supply and demand. From the organization's point of view, the issues are what the consumer wants, and how much the consumer is willing to pay the smuggler or smuggling organization to obtain it.
Prisons are a natural meeting place for criminals, and for the purposes of protection from other inmates and business prisoners join gangs. These gangs often develop a large influence outside the prison walls through their networks.
Most prison gangs do more than offer simple protection for their members. Most often, prison gangs are responsible for any drug, tobacco or alcohol handling inside correctional facilities.
Furthermore, many prison gangs involve themselves in prostitution, assaults, kidnappings and murders. Prison gangs often seek to intimidate the other inmates, pressuring them to relinquish their food and other resources.
In addition, prison gangs often exercise a large degree of influence over organized crime in the "free world", larger than their isolation in prison might lead one to expect.
Youth gangs have often served as a recruiting ground for more organized crime syndicates, where juvenile delinquents grow up to be full-fledged mobsters, as well as providing muscle and other low-key work.
Increasingly, especially in the United States and other western countries, street gangs are becoming much more organized in their own right with a hierarchical structure and are fulfilling the role previously taken by traditional organized crime.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 4 December Wikimedia list article.
There is no national data on gang crime but the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime Mopac in London produced estimates for the city up until December The Centre for Social Justice's report used these estimates.
There were 4, reported offences of knife crime with injury in total in the year to March , according to the Metropolitan Police.
And Mopac took the number of these in which the victim was under the age of 25 and excluded incidents of domestic violence.